Lorraine (UK) Lorain [loren] is a city in Lorraine County, northeast of Ohio, USA. It is located about 50km west of Cleveland, where the Black River flows into Lake Erie.
Port of Lorraine
Lorraine location in Ohio
|- Mayor||Chase M. Ritnaur|
|· Total||24.14mi2 (62.52 km2)|
|· Land||23.67mi2 (61.31 km2)|
|- Water surface||0.47mi2 (1.22 km2)|
| - Estimate|
|· Density||2,707.9/mi2 (1,045.5/km2)|
|equal time||UTC-5 (Eastern Standard Time)|
|· Daylight saving time||UTC-4 (Eastern Daylight Time)|
|ZIP code|| |
|GNIS feature ID||1077529|
In the 2010 Census, the city has a population of 64,097, the tenth ranking in Ohio.
There used to be a Ford Motor assembly plant in the city. The Ford Economy Line, Ford Turin, Mercury Montego and Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar were all built at the plant since 1975. However, the new agreement between UAW and Ford was not reached, and all production at the plant was canceled on December 14, 2005. A steel plant of US Steel (partially Republic Steel) has been located about five kilometers in the southern part of the city. The plants started operating in 1895 and have been employing thousands of employees. The Republic of Steel suspended its blast furnace operation at the end of 2008, but in December 2011, it announced that it would build a new arc furnace and restart iron manufacturing.
Lorraine is latitude 41 degrees 26 minutes 54 seconds north and longitude 82 degrees 10 minutes 8 seconds west / latitude 41.44833 degrees north and longitude 82.16889 degrees west / 41.44833;82.16889, located in the Cleveland-Iriria-Menter metropolitan area.
According to the National Census Bureau, the total area of the city is 24.14 square miles (62.52 km2), of which the land is 23.67 square miles (61.31 km2), and the water surface is 0.47 square miles (1.22 km2).
The Charles Berry Bridge in the city is the second largest jump bridge in the world.
- Lorraine was originally a little village called "Mouse of Black River." This place name was named because it was located on the west side of the Black River (formerly called the Reneshoua River or La Riviere de la Cuire). The village was established around 1820 with the help of pioneers such as John S. Reid. His son-in-law and son-in-law developed the village and changed it to the village name 'Charleston' in 1836, but soon it was renamed 'Black River.'
- By 1874, the village grew significantly and was incorporated under the name of 'Lorraine' which was associated with the name of the county (according to the records of the early county, the name was originally 'Colerain', but the residents finally chose the name of the county, 'Lorraine,' and it is said that the village had no direct relationship with the Lorraine area of France. It is believed that the name was named after the Lorraine area by a later historian).
- The city spread to surround the land on the east bank of the river that the Nathan Perry of Cleveland had owned since 1807. Some historians think that Lorraine's first pioneer may be the Perry's because the Perry family is famous as the pioneer of Cleveland. However, the Perry family did not actually establish the Mouse of Blackriver village. Nathan Perry, Jr., had run a trading post with the Indians in a hut on the east shore of the river only in the season when the weather was favorable, but returned to Cleveland in the fall of 1808. A long time later, John S. Reid and his family founded the Mouse of Black village on the other side of the Black River (on the west bank). John first reached the Black River in 1809 and helped build the road through the wilderness, including Lake Road, which connects the Black River and the Huron River. In 1811, John and his family eventually moved to and settled in the Mouse of Black River. Later, the Mouse of Blackriver village was established around the place he had developed. In 1812, John opened a post office in a log cabin. In the 1820s, canals and railways were expected to be opened, but neither of them was realized. The industries that supported the founding period of the small village were grain transport by ships and the shipbuilding industry, which started in 1819.
- Conrad Reid, the son of John S. Reid, became the first mayor and named the city Lorraine.
City politics has traditionally been closely linked to the Democratic Party. But in recent years, the Republican Party sometimes wins. In recent years, Craig L. Fortin of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) served as mayor between 2000 and 2007.
Lorraine is the largest city in Ohio without a city charter. The city has adopted a city mayor-parliamentary system, with three of the 11 city councilors elected from the whole city and eight from each single constituency.
The registration list of residents in the 2008 general election is as follows:
- Democrats: 16,168
- Republican: 2,346
The Lorraine City Court is located in the city. In addition to Lorraine, Sheffield Lake City and Sheffield Township are also included.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The following is demographic data from the 2010 census.
Households and family (number of households)
According to the city's comprehensive annual financial report, the top 10 employers in the city are as follows:
|#||employer||number of employees|
|1||Marcy Health System||1,640|
|2||Lorraine School District||880|
|7||Springer Healthcare Systems||299|
|9||Lakepoint Health Center||289|
|10||The Node Center||286|
Around Lorraine there are over 70 people from different nationalities, many of whom work at ironworks and shipyards. The iron mill in Lorraine is well known and therefore is sometimes called Steel City (Iron City). Lorraine's downtown was destroyed by the tornado in 1924. The first historic building to be rebuilt is the Lorraine Palace Theater, which opened in 1928, and continues to this day. The Lorraine International Festival is one of the attractions of the summer.
well known native
- Ernest King: A military man of the United States Navy.
- Jason Molina - Singer-songwriter.
- Ward Van Orman - A balloon sailor who won the Gordon Bennett Cup three times.
- Robert F. Obermeier - astronaut.
- Tony MORRISON: A writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
- Don Novello - Comedian, actor, voice actor and singer.
- ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Read on June 24, 2013.
- ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey, (2007-10-25)http://geonames.usgs.gov January 31, 2008.
- ^ "American FactFinder2". On March 20, 2010, it was read.
- ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau, (2011-02-12)Available April 23, 2011.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Read on January 6, 2013.
- ^ County government records and property-deeds of Huron County and Lorain County Ohio
- ^ History of Lorain County; Williams, 1879
- ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". On November 28, 2013, it was read.
- ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". On November 28, 2013, it was read.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Read on January 6, 2013.
- official page
- Ohio Business College
- Black River Historical Society - Lorraine City Museum
- Lorain, Ohio Business & Living
- Local Announcements, Business Listings and Events Calendar
- U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary Flotilla 092-06-04 Lorain, Ohio